Phoenix is the capital and most populous city in Arizona, with 1,660,272 people (as of 2018). It is also the fifth most populous city in the United States, and the only state capital with a population of much more than one particular million residents.
Phoenix is the anchor of the Phoenix metropolitan region, also recognized as the Valley of the Sun, which in turn is part of the Salt River Valley. The metropolitan region is the 11th greatest by population in the United States, with about 4.73 million people as of 2017. Phoenix is the seat of Maricopa County and the greatest city in the state at 517.9 square miles (1,341 km2), much more than twice the size of Tucson and one particular of the greatest cities in the United States.
Phoenix was settled in 1867 as an agricultural neighborhood near the confluence of the Salt and Gila Rivers and was incorporated as a city in 1881. It grew to become the capital of Arizona Territory in 1889. It is in the northeastern reaches of the Sonoran Desert and has a scorching desert climate. Regardless of this, its canal method led to a thriving farming neighborhood with the authentic settler’s crops remaining crucial parts of the Phoenix economic system for decades, this kind of as alfalfa, cotton, citrus, phoenix escorts and hay. Cotton, cattle, citrus, climate, and copper have been recognized locally as the “5 C’s” anchoring Phoenix’s economic system. These remained the driving forces of the city until finally soon after World War II, when high-tech businesses started to move into the valley and air conditioning created Phoenix’s scorching summers much more bearable.
The city averaged a four % yearly population growth fee above a 40–year period from the mid-1960s to the mid-2000s. This growth fee slowed in the course of the Wonderful Recession of 2007–09, and has rebounded gradually. Phoenix is the cultural center of the state of Arizona.